[1] Ralph S. Carson, High-Frequency Amplifiers, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1982.

[2] Jerome L. Altman, Microwave Circuits, D. Van Nostrand, Princeton, NJ, 1964.

[3] Application Note 95, S-Parameters-Circuit Analysis and Design, Hewlett-Packard, Palo Alto, CA, September 1968.

[4] Application Note 154, S-Parameter Design, Hewlett-Packard, Palo Alto, CA, April 1972.

[5] V. Rizzoli and A. Lipparini, "Computer-Aided Noise Analysis of Linear Multiport Networks of Arbitrary Topology," IEEE Trans. MTT-33, No. 12, December 1985.

[6] H. Hillbrand and P. Russer, "An Efficient Method for Computer Aided Nose Analysis of Linear Amplifier Networks," IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst., Vol. CAS-23, April 1976.

[7] H.A. Watson, ed., Microwave Semiconductor Devices and Their Circuit Applications, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1969, pp. 271-278.

[8] Lloyd P. Hunter, ed., Handbook of Semiconductor Electronics, 3rd edition, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1970, pp. 11-3 to 11-19.

[9] H.E. Green, "The Numerical Solution of Transmission Line Problems," Advances in Microwaves, Vol. 2, Academic Press, New York, 1967, pp. 327-393.

[10] K.C. Gupta, et al., Computer-Aided Design of Microwave Circuits, Artech House, Dedham, Massachusetts, 1981, pp. 131-134.

[11] P.I. Somlo, "The Computation of Coaxial Line Step Capacitances," IEEE Trans. MTT, Vol MTT-15, January 1967, pp. 48-53.

[12] W. Alan Davis, Microwave Semiconductior Circuit Design, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1984, pp. 118-119.

[13] P. Wolf, "Microwave Properties of Schottky-barrier Field-effect Transistors," IBM Journal of Research and Development, March 1970, pp. 125-141.

[14] "Device Modeling," Avantek Microwave Semiconductors: GaAs and Silicon Products, Avantek, Santa Clara, 1989, pp. 8-12 to 8-13.

[15] M. Kirshning, et al., "Measurement and Computer-Aided Modeling of Microstrip Discontinuities by an Improved Resonator Method," MTT-S Digest, 1983, pp. 495-497.

[16] M. Kirshning, et al., "Accurate Wide-Range Design Equations for the Frequency Dependent Characteristics of Parallel Coupled Microstrip Lines," IEEE MTT-32, 1984, pp. 83-90. Errata, MTT-33, 1985, p. 288.

[17] Rolf H. Jansen, "High-Speed Computation of Single and Coupled Microstrip Parameters Including Dispersion, High-Order Modes, Loss and Finite Strip Thickness," MTT-26, 1978, pp. 75-81.

[18] M.V. Schneider, "Microstrip Lines for Microwave Integrated Circuits," The Bell System Technical Journal, May-June 1969, pp. 1421-1444.

[19] E.O. Hammerstad, "Equations for Microstrip Circuit Design," Proc. 5th European Microwave Conference, Hamberg, 1975, pp. 268-272.

[20] P. Benedek and P. Silvester, "Equivalent Capacitance for Microstrip Gaps and Steps," IEEE MTT-20, November, 1972, pp. 729-733.

[21] R. Jansen and M. Kirschning, "Arguments and an Accurate Model for the Power-Current Formulation of Microstrip Characteristics Impedance," AEU, Band 37, 1983, Heft 3/4, pp. 108-112.

[22] Harold A. Weeler, "Transmission-Line Properties of a Strip on a Dielectric Sheet on a Plane," IEEE MTT-25, 1977, pp. 631-647.

[23] H. Atwater, "Microstrip Reactive Circuit Elements," IEEE MTT-31, June 1983, pp. 488-491.

[24] J.P. Vinding, "Radial Line Stubs as Elements in Stripline Circuits," NEREM Rec., pp. 108-109, 1967.

[25] A. Farrar and A.T. Adams, "Matrix Methods for Microstrip Change in Width and Cross-Junctions," IEEE MTT-20, August 1972, pp. 497-504.

[26] A. Gopinath, "Equivalent Circuit Parameters of Microstrip Change in Width and Cross-Junctions," IEEE MTT-24, March 1976, pp. 142-144.

[27] M.E. Goldfarb and R.A. Pucel, "Modeling Via Hole Grounds in Microstrip," IEEE Microwave and Guided Wave Letters, Vol. 1 No. 6, June 1991, pp. 135-137.

[28] G.B. Stracca, G. Macchiarella and M. Politi, "Numerical Analysis of Various Configurations of Slab Lines," MTT-34, No. 3, March 1986, p. 359-363.

[29] H.M. Altschuler and A.A. Oliner, "Discontinuities in the Center Conductor of Symmetric Strip Transmission Line" IRE MTT-8, May 1960, pp. 328-339.

[30] Seymour B. Cohn, "Shielded Coupled-Strip Transmission Line," MTT-3, 1955, pp. 29-38.

[31] S.B. Cohn, "Characteristic Impedance of Shielded Strip Transmission Line," MTT-2, 1954, pp. 52-55/

[32] H.A. Wheeler, "Transmission Line Properties of a Stripline Between Parallel Planes," MTT-26, 1978, pp. 866-876.

[33] I.J. Bahl and R.Garg, "A Designer's Guide to Stripline Circuits," Microwaves, Jan. 1978, pp. 90-96.

[34] Private phone conversation between R.W. Rhea and I.J. Bahl, October 1987.

[35] N. Marcuvitz, Waveguide Handbook, Peter Peregrinus Ltd., London, 1986.

[36] Phillip H. Smith, "Transmission Line Calculator," Electronics, Vol. 12, Jamuary 1994, p. 29.

[37] Phillip H. Smith, Electronic Applications of the Smith Chart, 2nd edition, Noble Publishing, Atlanta, 1995.

[38] Guillermo Gonzales, Microwave Transistor Amplifiers: Analysis and Design, 2nd edition, Prentice-Hall, New York, 1997.

[39] H.C. Miller, "Inductance Formula for a Single-Layer Circular Coil," Proc. IEEE, Vol. 75, pp. 256,257, 1987.

[40] R.G. Medhurst, "H.F. Resistance and Self-Capacitance of Single-Layer Solenoids," Wireless Engineer, pp. 80-92, 1947.

[41] C.A. Balanis, Antenna Theory: Analysis & Design, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1982, pp. 292-295.

[42] A. Weisshaar and V.K. Tripathi, "Perturbation Analysis and Modeling of Curved Microstrip Bends," IEEE MTT, Vol. 38(10), 1990, pp. 1449-1454.

[43] S.S. Gevorgian, et.al., "CAD Models for Multilayered Substrate Interdigital Capacitors," IEEE MTT-44, 1996, pp. 896-904.

[44] F.W. Grover, Inductance Calculations, Dover Publications, Inc., New York, 1962.

[45] J.I. Smith, "The Even- and Odd-Mode Capacitance Parameters for Coupled Lines in Suspended Substrate," IEEE MTT-19, 1971, pp. 424-431.

[46] R.L. Remke and G.A. Burdick, "Spiral Inductors for Hybrid and Microwave Applications," Proc. 24th Electron Components Conf., 1974, pp. 152-161.

[47] C.R. Burrows, "The Exponential Transmission Line," Bell System Technical Journal, Vol. 37, 1938, pp. 555-573.

[48] R.E. Collin, Field Theory of Guided Waves, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1960, pp. 185-195.

[49] H.M. Greenhouse, "Design of Planar Rectangular Microelectronic Inductors," IEEE Trans. Parts, Hybrids, and Packaging, PHP-10(2), June 1974, pp. 101-109.

[50] B.C. Wadell, Transmission Line Design Handbook, Artech House, Boston, 1991.

[51] C.L. Ruthroff, "Some Broad-Band Transformers," Proc. IRE, Vol. 47, 1959, pp. 1337-1342.

[52] D.M. Krafcsik and D.E. Dawson, "A Closed-Form Expression for Representing the Distributed Nature of the Spiral Inductor," 1986 Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Monolithic Circuits Symposium, 1986, pp. 87-92.

[1] A.I. Zverev, Handbook of Filter Synthesis, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1967.

[2] G. L. Matthaei, L. Young, and E. M. T. Jones, Microwave Filters, Impedance-Matching Networks, and Coupling Structures, Artech House, Dedham, Massachusetts, 1980

[3] H. J. Blinchikoff and A. I. Zverev, Filtering in the Time and Frequency Domains, Krieger Publishing, Malabar, Florida, 1987.

[4] H.J. Blinchikoff and M. Savetman, “Least-Squares Approximation to Wideband Constant Delay,” IEEE Trans. Circuit Theory, vol. CT-19, pp. 387-389, July 1972.

[5] P. Amstutz, “Elliptic Approximation and Elliptic Filter Design on Small Computers,” IEEE Trans. Circuits and Systems, vol. CAS-25, No. 12, Dec. 1978.

[6] A.B. Williams and F.J. Taylor, Electronic Filter Design Handbook, McGraw-Hill, New York, 2nd ed., 1988.

[7] W.C. Johnson, Transmission Lines and Networks, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1950, pp. 86-89.

[8] R. Jansen and M. Kirschning, “Arguments and a Accurate Model for the Power-Current Formulation of Microstrip Characteristic Impedance,” AEU, Band 37, 1983, Heft 3/4, pp. 108-112.

[9] S.S. Bedair, “Predict Enclosure Effects on Shielded Microstrip,” Microwaves & RF, July 1985, pp. 97-98,100.

[10] T.G. Bryant and J.A. Weiss, “Parameters of Microstrip Transmission Lines and of Coupled Pairs of Microstrip Lines,” MTT-16, 1968, pp. 1021-1027.

[11] T.G. Bryant and J.A. Weiss, MSTRIP (parameters of microstrip), MTT-19, 1971, pp. 418-419.

[12] W.J. Getsinger, “Microstrip Dispersion Model,” MTT-21, 1973, pp. 34-39.

[13] W.J. Getsinger, “Dispersion of Parallel-Coupled Microstrip,” MTT-21, 1973, pp. 144-145.

[14] E. Hammerstad and O. Jensen, “Accurate Models for Microstrip Computer-Aided Design,” MTT-S Symposium Digest, 1980, pp. 407- 409.

[15] H.A. Wheeler, “Transmission-Line Properties of a Strip on a Dielectric Sheet on a Plane,” MTT-25, 1977, pp. 631-647.

[16] S. March, “Microstrip Packaging: Watch The Last Step,” Microwaves, December 1981, pp. 83-84,87-88,90,92,94. Errata, Microwaves, February 1982, p. 9. Errata, Microwaves, July 1982, p. 8.

[17] M.V. Schneider, “Microstrip Lines for Microwave Integrated Circuits,” The Bell System Technical Journal, May-June 1969, pp. 1421-1444.

[18] E.O. Hammerstad and F. Bekkadal, Microstrip Handbook,ELAB Report STF 44A74169, Univ. Trondheim, Norway, February 1975.

[19] G.D. Vendelin, “Limitations on Stripline Q,” Microwave Journal, May 1970, pp. 63-69.

[20] S.B. Cohn, “Characteristic Impedance of Shielded Strip Transmission Line,” MTT-2, 1954, pp. 52-55.

[21] H.A. Wheeler, Transmission Line Properties of a Stripline Between Parallel Planes, MTT-26, 1978, pp. 866-876.

[22] K.C. Gupta, R. Garg and R. Chadha, Computer-Aided Design of Microwave Circuits, Artech House, Dedham, Massachusetts, 1981, pp. 57-58.

[23] I.J. Bahl and R. Garg, “A Designer’s Guide to Stripline Circuits,” Microwaves, January 1978, pp. 90-96.

[24] I.J. Bahl, Private phone conversation, October 1987.

[25] Cheng P. Wen, “Coplanar Waveguide: A Surface Strip Transmission Line Suitable for Nonreciprocal Gyromagnetic Device Applications,” MTT-17, 1969, pp. 1087-1090.

[26] G. Ghione and C. Naldi, “Analytical Formulas for Coplanar Lines in Hybrid and Monolithic MICs," Electronics Letters, 16th February 1984, Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 179-181.

[27] M.E. Davis, E.W. Williams and A.C. Celestini, “Finite-Boundry Corrections to the Coplanar Waveguide Analysis,” MTT-21, 1973, pp. 594-596.

[28] I.J. Bahl and R. Garg, “Simple and Accurate Formulas for Microstrip with Finite Strip Thickness,” Proc. IEEE, Vol. 65, 1977, pp. 1611-1612.

[29] H.A. Wheeler, “Formulas for the Skin Effect,” Proc. IRE, Vol. 30, 1942, pp. 412-424.

[30] G. Ghione and C. Naldi, “Parameters of Coplanar Waveguides with Lower Ground Plane,” Electronics Letters, 1st September 1983, Vol. 19, No. 18, pp. 734-735.

[31] G.B. Stracca, G. Macchiarella and M. Politi, “Numerical Analysis of Various Configurations of Slab Lines,” MTT-34, No. 3, March 1986, p.359-363.

[32] R. Jansen and M. Kirschning, “Accurate Wide-Range Design Equations for the Frequency-Dependent Characteristics of Parallel Coupled Microstrip Lines," MTT-32, 1984, pp. 83-90. Errata, MTT-33, 1985, p. 288.

[32] R.H. Jansen, “High-Speed Computation of Single and Coupled Microstrip Parameters Including Dispersion, High-Order Modes, Loss and Finite Strip Thickness,” MTT-26, 1978, pp. 75-81.